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NCAA Probation and Division I College Basketball

Posted by Andrew McKillop on May 31, 2011

A few weeks ago I analyzed NCAA probation and major college football.  This week I will analyze NCAA probation and major college basketball.   Below is a list of current Division 1 basketball programs that have been placed on NCAA probation.

Just as I wrote in the NCAA Probation and College Football article, it’s important to keep in mind that violations in other sports often bring attention to a school’s entire athletic program.  Sometimes the basketball violations paled in comparison to violations in other sports, but if the basketball program was involved I still listed them.

I also didn’t list exact dates of probation.  Instead listing the season(s) affected.  If the probation occurred mid-season, I listed the month/year that the probation began and ran through.

Unlike the NCAA Probation and College Football article I didn’t list the dates in which violations occurred.  Perhaps this is a project for another day.  There were simply too many cases of NCAA probation in college basketball, to effectively look at each case under the microscope in a reasonable amount of time.  You could honestly dedicate a blog to NCAA probation and never run out of content.

There are times when a conference will put a school on probation, and the NCAA won’t.  I only listed NCAA mandated probation, or instances conference probation adopted by the NCAA.  Sometimes schools will also give themselves a tournament ban in anticipation of NCAA sanctions.  I included these bans in the list, if the NCAA acknowledged those self imposed bans.

School Probation Yrs Tourny Ban Yrs
Alabama 2009-10 – 11-12 3
Alabama St 1995-96 – 97-98 3
Alcorn St 1994-95 – 96-97 3 1995-96 2
Arizona 2010-11 – 11-12 2
Arizona St 12/1985 – 86 1
Arkansas 2003-04 – 05-06 3
Arkansas St 1981-82 – 82-83 2 1982 1
Arkansas St 3/2011 – 13 2
Auburn 1979-80 – 80-81 2 1980 1
Auburn 1991-92 – 92-93 2 1992 1
Auburn 2004-05 – 05-06 2
Ball St 1994-95 – 95-96 2
Baylor 12/1985 – 87 2 1986 1
Baylor 1995 1
Baylor 2005-06 – 09-10 5 2004 1
Bethune-Cookman 1995-96 – 98-99 4
Bradley 1952-53 1 1953 1
Bradley 1966-67 1
Bradley 1986-87 – 87-88 2 1987 1
Bradley 2006-07 1
Buffalo 1970-71 1
Buffalo 1993-94 1
Buffalo 2001-02 – 02-03 2
Cal Poly 1987-88 1
Cal St Northridge 2004-05 – 06-07 3
California 1997-98 – 99-2000 3 1998 1
California 2/2011 – 13 2
Canisius 1975-76 – 76-77 2 1976-77 2
CCNY 1954-55 1 1955 1
Centenary 1/1964 – 65 1
Centenary 1969-70 – 70-71 2 1970-71 2
Centenary 1/1973 – 78 5 1973-77 5
Chattanooga 2010-11 – 11-12 2
Cincinnati 1955-56 1 1956 1
Cincinnati 1959-60 1
Cincinnati 12/1978 – 80 2 1979-80 2
Cincinnati 1988-89 – 90-91 3 1989 1
Cincinnati 1998-99 – 99-2000 2
Clemson 1975-76 – 77-78 3 1976-78 3
Clemson 12/1992 – 94 2
Cleveland St 12/1987 – 90 3 1988-89 2
Coastal Carolina 1994-95 – 97-98 4 1994-95 2
Connecticut 2/2011 – 14 3
Cornell 1/1975 – 76 1
Dayton 1962-63 – 63-64 2 1963-64 2
Dayton 2000-01 – 02-03 3
DePaul 1974-75 1
DePaul 1994-95 1
Drake 1995-96 1
Duke 1972-73 1 1973 1
East Carolina 1979-80 1 1980 1
East Tennessee St 1961-62 1
East Tennessee St 1986-87 1 1987 1
Eastern Michigan 1972-73 1 1973 1
Eastern Washington 1987-88 – 88-89 2 1988 1
Florida 1990-91 – 91-92 2 1991 1
Florida A&M 2/2006 – 10 4
Florida Intl 2008-09 – 11-12 4
Florida St 1968-69 1 1969 1
Florida St 1969-70 – 70-71 2 1970-71 2
Florida St 3/1983 – 84 1
Florida St 3/2009 – 13 4
Fresno St 1983-84 1
Fresno St 12/2002 – 06 4 2003 1
Fresno St 2006-07 – 09-10 4 2006 1
Fullerton St 1998-99 – 2001-02 4
Gardner-Webb 3/2004 – 07 3 2004 1
Georgia 1/1985 – 86 1
Georgia 2004-05 – 07-08 4 2003 1
Georgia Southern 1995-96 – 96-97 2 1996 1
Georgia Southern 1/2010 – 12 2
Gonzaga 1998-99 – 2001-02 4
Grambling St 1978-79 1 1979 1
Grambling St 1989-90 1
Grambling St 1997-98 – 98-99 2
Hawaii 1977-78 – 78-79 2 1978-79 2
Howard 1978-79 1
Howard 2001-02 – 05-06 5
Idaho 1/1978 – 79 1 1978 1
Idaho St 1985-86 – 86-87 2 1986 1
Illinois 1967-68 – 68-69 2 1968-69 2
Illinois 1974-75 – 75-76 2 1975 2
Illinois 1990-91 – 92-93 3 1991 1
Illinois St 1/1972 – 73 1
Indiana 2008-09 – 10-11 3
Iowa 1/1964 – 65 1
IUPUI 3/2010 – 13 3
Kansas 1956-57 1
Kansas 1960-61 – 61-62 2 1961-62 2
Kansas 1972-73 1 1973 1
Kansas 1988-89 – 90-91 3 1989 1
Kansas 2006-07 – 08-09 3
Kansas St 1954-55 1
Kentucky 1952-53 *1 1 1953 1
Kentucky 12/1976 – 78 2
Kentucky 1989-90 – 91-92 3 1990-91 2
La Salle 1968-69 – 69-70 2 1969-70 2
Long Beach St 1/1974 -77 3 1974-76 3
Long Beach St 3/2008 – 11 3
Louisiana Tech 1973-74 – 75-76 3 1974-76 3
Louisiana Tech 1994-95 1
Louisville 1956-57 – 57-58 2 1957-58 2
Louisville 1996-97 – 97-98 2
Louisville 1998-99 – 2000-01 3
Loyola MD 1986-87 1
LSU 1986-87 1
LSU 1998-99 – 2000-01 3
Maine 1996-97 – 99-00 4
Marist 1987-88 – 88-89 2 1988-89 2
Marshall 1990-91 – 91-92 2 1991 1
Marshall 12/2001 – 05 4
Maryland 1990-91 – 92-93 3 1991-92 2
McNeese St 1972-73 – 74-75 3 1973-75 3
McNeese St 2/1987 – 89 2
McNeese St 2/2007 – 09 2
Memphis 1/1959 – 61 2 1959-60 2
Memphis 1979-80 – 80-81 2 1980 1
Memphis 1986-87 – 87-88 2 1987 1
Memphis 2009-10 – 11-12 3
Miami FL 1964-65 1 1965 1
Miami OH 1/1991 – 93 2
Michigan 2002-03 – 05-06 4 2003 1
Michigan St 2/1953 – 54 1
Mid Tennessee St 1984-85 1
Mid Tennessee St 1/1993 – 95 2 1993 1
Milwaukee 1975-76 1
Minnesota 1976-77 – 78-79 3 1977-78 2
Minnesota 3/1976 – 10/78 1 ^ 1976 1
Minnesota 3/1988 – 90 2 1988 1
Minnesota 1991-92 – 92-93 2
Minnesota 2000-01 – 03-04 4
Mississippi St 1967-68 – 68-69 2 1968-69 2
Mississippi St 1986-87 1
Missouri 1990-91 – 91-92 2 1991 1
Missouri 2004-05 – 06-07 3
Montana 1977 1
Montana St 1996-97 – 97-98 2
Morehead St 2010-11 – 11-12 2
Morgan St 2/1995 – 98 3 1995 1
NC St 1954-55 1 1955 1
NC St 1956-57 – 59-60 4 1957-60 4
NC St 1972-73 1 1973 1
NC St 12/1989 – 91 2 1990 1
Nevada 1976-77 1 1977 1
New Mexico 11/1980 – 83 3 1981-82 2
New Mexico St 1/1973 – 75 2 1973-74 2
New Mexico St 1995-96 – 97-98 3 1996 1
New Mexico St 2001-02 – 04-05 4 2001 1
Nicholls St 2005-06 – 08-09 4
North Carolina 1/1961 – 62 1 1961 1
Northeastern 2009-10 – 10-11 2
Northwestern St 1990-91 – 92-93 3 1991-92 2
Ohio St 1956-57 1 1957 1
Ohio St 1994-95 1
Ohio St 3/2006 – 09 3 2005 1
Oklahoma 1973-74 – 74-75 2
Oklahoma 2006-07 – 07-08 2
Oral Roberts 1/1980 – 81 1 1980 1
Oregon 12/1981 – 83 2
Oregon St 1984-85 1
Pacific 1991-92 – 92-93 2
Pittsburgh 1993-94 – 94-95 2
Purdue 1966-67 1
Purdue 1999-2000 – 00-01 2
Richmond 2009-10 – 10-11 2
Robert Morris 1990-91 – 91-92 2 1991 1
Rutgers 2003-04 – 04-05 2
Sacramento St 1972-73 – 73-74 2
Saint Louis 1955-56 1
Saint Louis 1982-83 1 1983 1
Samford 1972-73 1
San Diego St 1/1984 – 85 1 1984 1
San Francisco 1979-80 1 1980 1
San Francisco 1980-81 1
San Francisco 1982-83 – 84-85 *2 3 1983-85 3
San Francisco 2010-11 – 11-12 2
Savannah St 1997-98 – 2000-01 4
SE Louisiana 1989-90 – 93-94 *3 5 1990 1
SE Missouri St 1979-80 1
SE Missouri St 1/1998 – 2001 3
SE Missouri St 2010-11 – 12-13 3
Seattle 1958-59 – 59-60 2 1959-60 2
Seton Hall 1975-76 – 76-77 2 1976 1
SMU 1/1974 – 76 2 1975 1
SMU 3/2011 – 13 2
South Alabama 12/2001 – 03 2
South Carolina 1/1967 – 69 2 1967-68 2
South Carolina 3/1987 – 2/91 3 1988 1
South Florida 1/1982 – 83 1
Southern Illinois 1985-86 – 86-87 2 1986 1
St. Bonaventure 1968-69 1 1969 1
St. Bonaventure 2003-04 – 05-06 3 2004 1
St. John’s 2006-07 – 07-08 2 2005 1
Stetson 2002-03 – 03-04 2
Stony Brook 2005-06 – 07-08 3
Syracuse 1992-93 – 93-94 2 1993 1
TCU 1981-82 1
Tennessee St 2003-04 – 05-06 3
Texas A&M 1977-78 1
Texas A&M 1991-92 – 92-93 2 1992 1
Texas St 3/2005 – 08 3
Texas Tech 1998-99 – 2001-02 4 1997 1
Tulane 1985-86 – 88-89 *4 4 1986-89 4
UA Little Rock 1999-2000 – 00-01 2
UC Santa Barbara 1980-81 – 81-82 2 1981-82 2
UCLA 12/1981 – 83 2 1982 1
UCLA 1998-99 – 2000-01 3
UL Lafayette 1/1968 – 70 2 1968-69 2
UL Lafayette 1973-74 – 76-77 *5 4 1974-77 4
UL Lafayette 2007-08 – 08-09 2
UM Eastern Shore 1974-75 1 1975 1
UNLV 1977-78 – 78-79 2 1978-79 2
UNLV 1993-94 – 95-96 3
UNLV 12/2000 – 04 4 2001 1
USC 2010-11 – 13-14 4 2010 1
UT Pan American 1968-69 1 1969 1
UT Pan American 1973-74 – 74-75 2 1974-75 2
UT Pan American 1992-93 – 94-95 3 1993 1
UT Pan American 1996-97 – 99-00 4
UT Pan American 3/2010 – 12 2
Utah 1/1962 – 63 1 1962 1
Utah 2003-04 – 05-06 3
UTEP 1991-92 – 93-94 3
UTEP 1997-98 – 2001-02 5
Villanova 2004-05 – 05-06 2
Virginia Tech 1987-88 – 88-89 2 1988-89 2
Wake Forest 1994-95 1
Washington 2/2003 – 05 2
Weber St 1996-97 – 99-00 4
Weber St 1/2006 – 08 2
West Virginia 1957-58 1
Western Carolina 1977-78 1 1978 1
Western Kentucky 1/1973 – 75 2 1973-74 2
Western Kentucky 1974-75 1 1975 1
Wichita St 1973-74 – 74-75 2 1974-75 2
Wichita St 12/1981 – 84 3 1982-83 2
Wisconsin 1986-87 – 87-88 2
Wisconsin 2001-02 – 05-06 5
Yale 1/1970 – 72 2 1970-71 2

*1 The NCAA encouraged it’s member to abstain from scheduling Kentucky during the 1952-53 season.  Essentially giving Kentucky the “death penalty” for that season.

*2 San Francisco shut down it’s own men’s basketball program down for the three seasons it was under NCAA probation.

*3 SE Louisiana shut down it’s own men’s basketball program in 1989 for financial reasons.  While the program was shutdown the NCAA put the school under probation for five years.

*4 Tulane shut down it’s own men’s basketball program for three seasons, due to NCAA violations.

*5 The NCAA handed UL Lafayette (then known as SW Louisiana) the “death penalty”, prohibiting the school from playing men’s basketball games for two seasons (1973-74 – 74-75).


Listed below are major/mid-major schools that have never been placed on NCAA probation.

School
Air Force
Boston College
Butler
BYU
Central Florida
Charlotte
Colorado
Colorado St
Creighton
Duquesne
Evansville
Fordham
George Mason
George Washington
Georgetown
Georgia Tech
Houston
Indiana St
Iowa St
Loyola Marymount
Marquette
Massachusetts
Missouri St
Nebraska
Northern Iowa
Northwestern
Notre Dame
Oklahoma St
Old Dominion
Ole Miss
Penn St
Pepperdine
Portland
Providence
Rhode Island
Rice
Saint Joseph’s
Saint Mary’s
San Diego
Santa Clara
Southern Miss
Stanford
Temple
Tennessee
Texas
Towson
Tulsa
UAB
Vanderbilt
VCU
Virginia
Washington St
Wyoming
Xavier



Only two schools (Northwestern & Penn St) in the Big Ten have stayed off NCAA probation.


Four schools have been placed/renewed on probation five times.  However Minnesota & UT Pan American have spent the most seasons (12) on probation.

Legend: Pct. (Percentage of years the school has been on probation from 1953-2011).

School Years Pct. Instances
Minnesota 12 20.3% 5
UT Pan American 12 20.3% 5
Kansas 10 16.9% 5
Cincinnati 9 15.3% 5
Fresno St 9 15.3% 3
Memphis 9 15.3% 4
New Mexico St 9 15.3% 3
UNLV 9 15.3% 3
Centenary 8 13.6% 3
Florida St 8 13.6% 4
NC St 8 13.6% 4
UL Lafayette 8 13.6% 3
UTEP 8 13.6% 2
Baylor 7 11.9% 3
Illinois 7 11.9% 3
Louisville 7 11.9% 3
McNeese St 7 11.9% 3
San Francisco 7 11.9% 4
SE Missouri St 7 11.9% 3
Wisconsin 7 11.9% 2



Schools from the Big Ten have been placed on probation the most (19 times), and have spent the most seasons under probation (61 seasons).  Only major/mid-major conferences are listed below.

Legend: Sea (# of seasons conference teams have spent on probation), Tms/Yr (# of teams per season on probation)

Conference Sea
Tms/Sea  Instances
Metropolitan (Defunct) 19 0.95 8
Big 12 15 0.94 5
Big Ten 45 0.76 19
Conference USA 12 0.75 5
Mountain West 7 0.58 2
Southeastern 32 0.54 15
Western Athletic 24 0.49 8
Atlantic Coast 25 0.42 12
Pacific-12 22 0.42 10
Big East 13 0.41 6
Big Eight (Defunct) 14 0.33 7
Missouri Valley 15 0.25 9
Atlantic 10 8 0.23 3
West Coast 12 0.20 6
Southwest (Defunct) 8 0.19 6



The NCAA has handed out/affirmed 119 NCAA tournament bans.  The NCAA Tournament is what every team strives for, and being negated the chance to participate is a severe penalty.

Like the bowl ban in college football, the NCAA has abated in it’s use of the tournament ban in recent decades.  Check out the chart below.





Centenary has been banned for seven tournaments, but sanctioned only twice.

School Years Instances
Centenary 7 2
NC St 7 4
UL Lafayette 6 2
Illinois 5 3
Cincinnati 4 3
Kansas 4 3
Memphis 4 3
Minnesota 4 3
New Mexico St 4 3
San Francisco 4 2
Tulane 4 1
UT Pan American 4 3
Wichita St 4 2



Miscellaneous Facts:

Georgetown, Holy Cross, Loyola IL, Marquette, Oklahoma St, and Wyoming are the only schools to have won the NCAA tournament, and stay off the NCAA’s probation list.

Private schools have been placed on probation 52 times, in comparison to the 186 times public schools that have been placed on probation.  Keep in mind there are more public schools than private in Division I.

Schools from the major conferences have been placed on probation 74 times, in comparison to the 165 times schools from the non-major conferences have been placed on probation.


References

Thanks to Robert Bradley for the idea, and and an initial list of teams that have been placed on probation.

The NCAA has made available a database of every major infraction they have dealt with.  You can access their Legislative Services Database to conduct your own research on the topic.  I would have liked to have been able to provide a link to every document I accessed, but unfortunately the links change with every user’s session.  Most of the information posted was found using their database.

The NCAA database was a great resource, but there were some errors and omissions.  Check out this document for a list of newspaper resources I used to fill in some of the gaps.

Conference alignment information was retrieved from College Basketball/Sports-Reference.com.

One Response to “NCAA Probation and Division I College Basketball”

  1. Scout said

    Check out our highly recruited basketball players in South Florida

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